Analyzing a short story is always a task in pursuing the literature field. You will need to consider many factors related to the story’s construction, such as the plot, characters, settings, etc.

With a diversity of the considered factors, the challenge of short-story analysis is obvious. Without a step-by-step guide, you will miss some critical points, causing the misunderstanding of the story messages. 

I am writing this article to help you get rid of this issue. By checking each part below, you can quickly know how to analyze a short story based on the standard criteria experts always use. 

The Elements Contribute To A Short Story 

Before approaching the step-by-step guide, you should understand all the elements contributing to a short story. Without any aspect below, a short story is failed to convey the author’s message.

Characters & Building Characters

A story never lacks characters, so this factor is the first thing you consider when analyzing any short story. 

But, the question is, what are the differences between the characters in a short story and a long one? 

Although the long and short stories share the same feature of the main character amount, the side character amount is different. With a long and complicated development, the long tale includes many character paths attached to the developed progress of the main. 

The amount is one thing; how the author builds characters in the two stories is also different. A short story requires building the characters with a specific view at the first look. With a long story, the author can process the character’s reveal through many scenes, but you cannot do that in a short story. The character (both main and sub) needs to appear with unique features. 

For example, I once tried to do my homework by analyzing how Nicholas Sparks started his novel. It began with a scene from Keith Clayton’s perspective. Although it is from 3rd view, as you read it, you know more details about the main character, Logan Thibault. He is intelligent and kind. Wildly he is slowly convinced to believe in superstition by his squad, Victor. The belief is about a lady picture, which will likely give him the luck to evade the terrible things. 

So, in a short story, the author always tries to emphasize the main character as soon as possible. The character will impress the reader and attract them to keep reading with unique features. 


The plot shows how a character’s path, including many related events. The plot in a short story will be throughout and rarely stop at a point. For example, I had to read many short stories to do my homework. I realized that the plot of a whole short story is often processed within three months. Some researchers also found that the more time a period in a short story has, the more difficult author control the events. 

Come back to the story “The Lucky One” by Nicholas Sparks above; as you read it, you can also recognize the period is short. It helps the author perform the scene throughout conditions and avoid interruption. 

For instance, if a men express his feeling to a woman, and one year pass, what will happen? It isn’t straightforward to answer that; the plot will have more sense if a woman responds within one week. Contrarily, the situation is ridiculous to assess. 

Thus, analyzing how the author builds the plot through the events. The events (plot) are what the author tries to convey their messages, performed by the decisions/actions of the main characters.


Settings are all the background when a scene comes. When my friend attempted to help me with my homework, he once asked me about this factor. 

Of course, settings are tremendous as they affect what author makes the scene acceptable. For example, you cannot put a knight in a modern family because of the different living conditions. Or, it is impossible to make a society where women become the governor, but the background is of feudal society. It does not make sense. 

The settings need to match the author’s events, making things more acceptable. It is not only the background but also the many factors in a short story, such as the relationships, the stereotypes, morality, etc. 

Literary Art

Literary art is essential as it makes the author’s work more impressive. Although the reader might not care much about literary art, the researcher has to. The art shows how the author becomes skillful in describing, telling, or convincing. 

There is a truth that you should know. All the authors try to put the art in their work. For example, my friends once tried to help me with my homework related to an old literature work, Don Quijote. This work is impressive as its art is about exaggeration and satirization. 

The literary art also comes from the schools that the author pursues. Some focus on the school of art for life’s sake; the author will hide the art in how people fight in their minds against the society, the unfair, or the cruel truth. 

Guide To Analyse A Short Story 

Here you can use this guide to help analyze a short story. 

Summary Short Story By Main Points

You cannot analyze all the details in a story even though it is short. Therefore, the first step is to summarize the story with primary points. 

It will help if you read the story multiple times to understand all the messages an author wants to convey. Then, compared with these messages, try to figure out the main events that cause the character’s actions. 

For instance, when you read “The Lucky One,” the main character, Logan, was first arranged to meet Keith Clayton, the ex-husband of Beth. This detail shows the accidental meeting but helps the author introduce the main characters of his story. So, this detail needs to appear in your summary in short sizes, like “Logan meets Keith Clayton – Ex-husband of Beth whom he believes in providing him the luck for his life. 

Analyze Each Factor Above

You can quickly have a whole picture of the story based on your summary. Then, let’s analyze each factor listed above. The overview you make is exactly the plot, and you only need to find out the suitable points showing why the author chose the events. Every scene always has its meaning, so finding the author’s messages will help take the first step of analyzing short-story.

After the plot, you should question whether the author placing the character in the situation is suitable or not? If it is reasonable, what kind of character do they shine?

By understanding how the author builds the character, you will try to figure out how they put the art in. Paying attention to the way he uses powerful words, the characters act, how climax and thrilling the situation is, etc.

Making Assessment

Your assessment should not be personal because it lacks logic. The evaluation needs to base on what you analyze above. For example, you point out that Don Quijote has reflexed precisely the person in contemporary. They have good characteristics but represent a dreamer who never perceives the actual case. 

An assessment also evaluates the value of literary work. Although it satirizes the person in contemporary society, it is still a famous work. 

Tips To Complete Your Analysis

#1 Combination between Character, Plot, and Settings

Despite analyzing each factor, you need to combine all of them in one. The separation is meaningless as it never shows how delicate the author is. Especially when you combine all the factors, you can get a whole picture, helping to understand the author’s messages. 

#2 Goes With Examples or Evidence.

You should not only analyze the short story with your explanation. It will be hard to follow because the reader always wants to know the evidence in a short story, showing what you prove. 

For example, in “The Lucky One,” a scene shows why Logan believes in the lucky lady picture. You should cite it in the analysis to make people understand why Logan acts. 

#3 Figure Out The Climax/Knot Of The Story

Every story has a knot, causing tension and attracts the reader to read. However, there is a knot; there is also how to untie. Let’s see how the author solves the issue when you catch the knot. His solution is good or not, and could you offer any better ideas? 

This tip helps a lot in remembering the plot. Instead of focusing on unnecessary information, you concentrate on what is worth analysis. 

#4 Writing Service 

You can order a website that does your homework to analyze the short story. By understanding all the analyses, you can make your version better. 

Ordering a website that does your homework is an excellent option because it saves a lot of your time researching the work. Also, the experts provide all the author’s messages (Even the hidden ones), so you never miss any primary points. 

Also, learning the experts’ explanations is brilliant because they are sharped and logical. All the illustrations are referred to the historical developments, the psychology, the literary, and many concerned fields. 

When you use a writing service, you should not copy all the analysis because it is not suitable for your ability. Instead, try to understand the primary points and rewrite your version. 

Final Thoughts

Analyzing a short story is not too difficult if you have a guide. This article can be helpful for the researcher, the writer, and the person who makes the analysis. 

Enjoy a favorite movie. Things get done when you come back

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