A large survey found the negative impact of forcing students to do too much homework. The survey was conducted by researchers from Stanford University, USA with more than 4,000 students in high schools in California, USA. There are many of them said: “ I am so tired when I have to do my homework.”
“Our research on the impact of homework is challenging the traditional thinking that homework is only good for you,” said Denise Pope, a senior Stanford lecturer and The study’s co-author, published in the educational journal Journal of Experimental Education, said.
Researchers used survey data to test students’ perceptions about homework, the spirit of fun, and enthusiasm to join activities of students. In addition to survey data, Pope and colleagues used open-ended questions to explore students’ views about homework. The question: “what affects me when I do my homework?”
Students taking the survey must average an average of 3.1 hours each night to “do my homework”. Researchers have discovered that doing too much homework can reduce their effectiveness and even backfire. They also cited previous studies saying that doing homework only worked well when they only had to do homework for 2 hours each night. And the time period was between 90 minutes and 2.5 hours is considered optimal for high school students. Therefore they may not complain: “I am so tired, I don’t want to do my homework anymore”
“Busy homework causes students to be discouraged from studying, and just do homework to get it done and to get marks,” Pope said. She said the study also looked at the quality of homework. Accordingly, homework is not simply a “daily routine”, but instead, any homework should have a clear purpose and benefit. They must be drafting, developing lesson plans, stimulating students to learn and develop their knowledge and skills.
In addition, their study found that too much homework had to have the following negative effects:
– Make students more stressed: 56% of students view homework as a cause of stress. 43% stated that having to take the tests stressed them. Less than 1% say homework does not make them more stressed. “I don’t want to do my homework anymore, it makes me so uncomfortable”, Susan, a student said.
– Health damage: In open-ended questions, many students said: “ I have to do my homework too much, the burden of homework led to insomnia and other health problems”. Researchers asked students if they had health problems such as headaches, fatigue, insomnia, weight loss, and stomach pain.
– Less time spent with friends, family, and extracurricular activities: Both survey data and student responses show that spending too much time doing homework means that students “don’t meet development needs or other important social skills”. “Having to do my homework, I force to miss other activities, do not meet friends or family, and miss the opportunity to pursue the interests I desire”, sharing of a girl student.