When I was a child, I always cherished a dream that I could go abroad to America which was the country I really love. After I grew up I realized that traveling to another country is not as simple as I think. Several problems would incur incredibly, and the biggest one is the differences between Western and Eastern cultures. This essay will be the research and analysis of Do my homework for me and me about culture shock, and some key terms like culture shock, individualism will be covered throughout this.
What is Culture Shock
Peter Adler (1972) defined that “culture shock is thought to be a form of anxiety that results from the loss of commonly perceived and understood signs and symbols of social intercourse. The individual undergoing culture shock reflects his anxiety and nervousness with cultural differences through any number of defense mechanisms: repression, regression, isolation, and reflection…” Culture shock can be described as consisting of at least one of four distinct phases: honeymoon, negotiation, adjustment, and adaptation.
4 stages of Culture Shock
The first stage is “Honeymoon”. During the first few weeks, the differences between the old and new culture are seen as a wonderful experience. Students will be attracted by people, food, or the natural sight of the new country. After a period of time, Students will move to the second stage called “Negotiation”. The differences between the old and new culture become apparent and may create anxiety. At this stage, the nervosity of not understanding gestures, signs, or the language and miscommunications may happen frequently. Next, students begin to feel more familiar and comfortable with the cultures, people, food, and languages of a new environment. They start developing problem-solving skills for dealing with the culture and begin accepting the new culture with a positive attitude. This stage is called “Adjustment”. The final stage is named “Mastery” or another way it is Adaptation. In this stage, individuals can participate fully and feel comfortable in this new culture. Mastery does not mean total conversion; people often keep many traits from their earlier culture, such as accents and languages.
The second key term is also one of the most essential knowledge we should know before studying abroad in an individualistic culture. Individualism is a core of American culture and the main value in America. Individualism is “the ties between individuals are loose, everyone is expected to look after him/herself and his/her immediate family. With this dimension, people are expected to develop and display their personalities and choose their own affiliations. Individualism people have a tendency to emphasize their own goals, not people’s goals. Each individual exists, perceives, experiences, thinks, and acts in and through his own body and therefore from unique points in time and space”. (Younkins, 1998)
To be an overseas student in the future, it is necessary for you to analyze what problems with culture shock you have to face when going abroad and how you can solve them. The following are several differences between Western and Eastern cultures that Do my homework for me researches. The first thing is about greeting and introduction. The reason why I mention this first is that greeting is always the beginning of all speech or conversation. Eastern people shake hands with the opposite sex and exchange cheek-kisses to express friendliness. However, Western ones slightly bow the head or put the hands in front of the chest in order to show more respect and we never exchange cheek-kisses. Cheek-kiss is a shock to most married women, absolutely as well as to me who have not had the first kiss before. The second typical difference is about cooking and eating. Western children have to ask parents or elderly of the family to eat first, and they follow. While Easterners will say “grave” before eating and everybody starts eating after that. In addition, while Westerners use spoons, chopsticks to eat and use a bowl to have soup; Easterners use knives, spoons, and eat soup on a plate. If we do not know it before, it is really hard to adapt. The third difference is social life. Easterners don’t allow people under 21 to drink, but in Western countries, we can drink if we want regardless of age. Besides that, Easter people usually work from 9 am to 5 pm and they do not take a siesta. While Westerners’ working days often start at 7 am and last at 5 pm with a period of time for taking a siesta.
One of the biggest differences between Western and Eastern is individualistic culture. In western countries, most house parties have one big table where everyone sits down and eats, with the host providing food for the guests. But in America and other eastern countries, that’s less common. Moreover, collectivist nations tend to live and work in a group. If there is any special celebration in a family they will invite all members of a whole big family to join together. To be in contrast, Americans tend to have small parties within their own family. Additionally, Americans are eager to share a thought, an opinion in a crowd but I as well as most westerners feel ashamed for having judged others so harshly. On another side, America believes each individual’s life belongs to himself and he has an inalienable right to live as he sees fit, to act on his own judgment, to keep and use the product of his effort, and to pursue the values of his choosing. However, in western countries, we appreciate the team spirit and do as our teammates do.
Above are just some main differences that Do my homework for me lists here. If we do some more research we will know more problems that students have to face when studying abroad.
How to deal with Culture Shock
Understand some difficulties of overseas students, Do my homework for me gives some solutions for you to solve Culture Shock problems.
Overseas students should know these methods to avoid unworthy cultural conflict. These are some feasibility solutions that can enable overseas students to avoid culture shock and adapt to a new environment. Firstly, it is necessary to learn about other cultures before studying abroad. Learning and understanding other cultures is the first thing we have to do. Western ancient said that: “know oneself is true progress”, it means that if you know the opponent, you will hold the victory in your hand. As well as when traveling to another country, if we understand their culture, we can adapt faster and easier. Secondly, let’s ask your friends who studied abroad before for advice. Learning just helps you know but does not help you solve. Only people who have experience can give you the most rational advice and solutions. They underwent and were aware of what exactly problems you will face and how to deal with them. Thirdly, after coming to other countries you should find some campus activities that sound interesting to you. By getting out and into social settings, you will begin to become more comfortable with new customs. It also means you should make an effort to become friends with both native students and other international students. This method helps to reduce feelings of loneliness and easily form bonds with your new surroundings. The last procedure which can help us to tackle culture shock issues is trying to live under your native people’s cultural eyes. Only when understanding as native people understand and do as they do we can adapt to their culture. The idiom “when in Rome, do as the Romans do” conveys this meaning. Moreover, you should give yourself time to adjust. Focus on the positive experiences, and try to view negative experiences as learning opportunities.
In conclusion, culture shock is frequent when people travel to another country for the first time. There are many solutions for this, but despite any circumstance, it also needs a long time to progress. I hope that with these preparations Do my homework for me provides you as well as other overseas students who can adapt to the new environment and have good experiences during learning in that country.
With some information Do my homework for me gives you above, we hope that you can easily adapt to the new environment.